INTEGRALPlanckGaiaHitomiPOLARCHEOPSEuclidATHENA
HEAVENSFACTCTALOFTSPICAJEM-EUSOXIPEeXTPTheseus
ISDCCDCI
Data Centre for Astrophysics
Astronomy Department of the University of Geneva

Evidence for strong extragalactic magnetic fields from Fermi observations of TeV blazars

ABSTRACT

Magnetic fields in galaxies are produced via the amplification of seed magnetic fields of unknown nature. The seed fields, which might exist in their initial form in the intergalactic medium, were never detected. We report a lower bound B > 3× 10-16 gauss on the strength of intergalactic magnetic fields, which stems from the nonobservation of GeV gamma-ray emission from electromagnetic cascade initiated by tera-electron volt gamma-ray in intergalactic medium. The bound improves as λB-1/2 if magnetic field correlation length, λB, is much smaller than a megaparsec. This lower bound constrains models for the origin of cosmic magnetic fields.